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Hazards - Elements that
Create Feelings of Exclusion


Institutional: stratified, fossilized, sterilized


  • Cold, sterile environments - lack of color, texture, warmth

  • Teachers who are overly traditional, hidebound

  • Learning environments that discourage open communication

  • Bland colors, lack of decor

  • Students have no input on design, policies, etc


Minor Intervention

  • Lack of variation, spatial planning

  • Old / inappropriate / inaccessible furniture

  • Lack of flexibility in spaces


Major Intervention

  • Older buildings, spaces with outdated and harmful designs

  • No specialized spaces (collaboration space, maker space, quiet space, lounge/break areas, etc); factory style classrooms

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